Date of publication: 2017-08-31 00:04
By citing and referencing the material consulted for a piece of academic work you not only enable others to verify facts ideas in your work more easily, but you will also be acting in an ethical and honest manner.
If another quotation is nested within the second quotation, revert to the original mark, either single-double-single or double-single-double. When reproducing matter that has been previously set using forms of punctuation differing from house style, editors may in normal writing silently impose changes drawn from a small class of typographical conventions, such as replacing double quotation marks with single ones, standardizing foreign or antiquated constructions, and adjusting final punctuation order. Do not, however, standardize spelling or other forms of punctuation, nor impose any silent changes in scholarly works concerned with recreating text precisely, such as facsimiles, bibliographic studies, or edited collections of writing or correspondence.
If you are quoting a passage that contains a quotation, then you use single quotation marks for the internal quotation. Quite rarely, you quote a passage that has a quotation within a quotation. In that rare instance, you would use double quotation marks for the second internal quotation.
In direct speech every change in speaker normally requires a new parapgraph. A quoted speech may be interrupted at the beginning, middle, or end, by some such interpolation as he said. The interpolation is usually -- but not always -- set off by a comma introducing the speech, or by commas before and after the interpolation:
The human toll of spreading desertification is beyond calculation: tens of millions of dispossessed and displaced human beings wandering across eroded fields, parched deserts, and denuded forest clearings, in search of a safe haven, finding only crowded urban slums, shanty towns, and sidewalk encampments at the end of their futile journeys.
Bail is a terrible disgrace. I 696 ve talked to a law professor, a defense attorney, and reviewed legal rulings and I am convinced that bail is not an effective nor fair means of pretrial detention.
Nuclear power plants are dangerous (audience looks like prove it , so you react to their reaction). Just to prove it, a study being conducted by the federal government shows even low levels of radiation that all (you emphasize that) plants emit cause cancer. People, (you meant a different word, so you change words) Communities near nuclear power plants are turning up as leukemia clusters.
Once you 8767 ve carefully selected the quotations that you want to use, your next job is to weave those quotations into your text. The words that precede and follow a quotation are just as important as the quotation itself. You can think of each quote as the filling in a sandwich: it may be tasty on its own, but it 8767 s messy to eat without some bread on either side of it. Your words can serve as the 8775 bread 8776 that helps readers digest each quote easily. Below are four guidelines for setting up and following up quotations.
There may be times when you need to quote long passages. However, you should use block quotations only when you fear that omitting any words will destroy the integrity of the passage. If that passage exceeds four lines (some sources say five), then set it off as a block quotation.